ABC's of Miniature Horses About,
Breeding, and Care
Miniature Horse Colors
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|Golden Palomino in Full Coat omin Same Miniature Clipped Clipped has a cream color|
Miniature Horses were said to have been bred in Europe to become pets of the
children of Royalty.
McCoy Smith of West Virginia was also a widely acclaimed early miniature horse breeder.
J. C. Williams of Dell Tera Miniature Horses in South Carolina as well as many other significant American Breeders of Miniature Horses often brought imported miniature horses into the United States to enhance their breeding programs. Their farms are well-known throughout the world as the producers of the some of the finest and smallest miniature horses ever bred in the United States.
Falabella Miniature Horse of Argentina may well hold the most prominent
place of miniature horse recognition because of the early concentration of
breeding a miniature horse that was a true counterpart of a full-sized, very
refined horse. Highly-Prized
Falabella Miniature Horses have been shipped all over the
Mature miniature horses
that are at least 3 years of age and are under 34" are considered "A"
Division Miniature Horses, and those that are over 34" up to and including
38" are considered
Only very small children, that weigh 40 pounds or less should ride an "A" Division Miniature Horse, while a taller, and usually more muscular, "B" Division Mini can usually carry 60-80 pounds. The child's weight and height as well as the age, height, and conformation of the mini should always be a consideration when training or riding a miniature horse.
that ride have graduated to a Show Pony (over 38" up to and including 48");
sometimes thought of as an oversized "B" Mini, that often has the quiet
gentle temperment of a miniature horse but is closer to a pony size.
A number of pintos and appaloosas have been bred down to the Miniature Horse -Size from the Show Pony-Type.
be 3 years of age or older before producing. The same considerations
mentioned above apply to the Mare.
Good Quality hay (alfalfa, timothy,
orchard grass, etc.) and feed are necessary to produce the best miniature
horses. Breeding miniature horses requires a substantial investment as
well as the breeder's time, especially during foaling season; which is
usually March-June, depending
Some breeders may use heated barns and artificial lights to prolong the breeding season.
should be properly vaccinated to protect themselves and their foals. Check
with your vet to arrange the proper schedule.
It is advisable to use a very mild
wormer for the first time when worming a foal because if a strong product is
used, too many
It is crucial that the foal receive clostrum from its Dam, usually within the first 12 hours after birth. If the foal has not nursed or if it is obvious that the Mare has no milk or clostrum, call your vet immediately. Steps can be taken to insure that the foal receives the proper protection, but it t be done while the foal is still susceptible to accepting colostrum.
There are clostrum replacements on the market today that can be administered to the foal by iv or orally. A plasma transfer that can supply the newborn foal with antibodies can be performed if the foal is 12 hours or older and has not received adequate colostrum from its Dam. It is far better to be on hand when the foal is born to make first-hand observations and to take the necessary steps if required. A foal is usually up and nursing within the first 2 hours. The Foal often begins to struggle to its feet within 10-15 minutes after birth. Most births are without incidence, and are extremely rewarding to everyone concerned. It is always best to be prepared, just in case, that 1-10% strikes.
Making certain that the foal emerges
from the "bag" may well be one of most common problem with newborns.
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